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More reasons to remain physically active

Wednesday, September 4, 2013

Osteoporosis is a major New Zealand health issue. It affects more than half of women and nearly a third of men over the age of 60 years. The estimated cost to New Zealand is $1.1billion each year.

Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease, characterized by a reduction in bone mass and the deterioration of bone tissue, resulting in the increase of bone fragility and fracture risk, particularly of the spine, wrist, hip, pelvis and upper arm. Osteoporosis is one of the major causes of disability, morbidity and mortality in the elderly.

Various kinds of exercise, particularly weight bearing, induce an increase in bone mineral density and may indirectly protect individuals from fractures by improving mobility, muscle strength and balance, thereby reducing the risk of falls.

According to ACC falls are the leading cause of injury hospitalisation, and one of the top three leading causes of injury-related death in New Zealand.

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